We study the nodal intersections number of random Gaussian toral Laplace eigenfunctions (“arithmetic random waves”) against a fixed smooth reference curve. The expected intersection number is proportional to the the square root of the eigenvalue times the length of curve, independent of its geometry. The asymptotic behavior of the variance was addressed by Rudnick-Wigman; they found a precise asymptotic law for “generic” curves with nowhere vanishing curvature, depending on both its geometry and the angular distribution of lattice points lying on circles corresponding to the Laplace eigenvalue. They also discovered that there exist peculiar “static” curves, with variance of smaller order of magnitude, though did not prescribe what the true asymptotic behavior is in this case.
In this talk we study the finer aspects of the limit distribution of the nodal intersections number. For “generic” curves we prove the Central Limit Theorem (at least, for “most” of the energies). For the aforementioned static curves we establish a non-Gaussian limit theorem for the distribution of nodal intersections, and on the way find the true asymptotic behavior of their fluctuations, under the well-separateness assumption on the corresponding lattice points, satisfied by most of the eigenvalues.
This talk is based on a joint work with Igor Wigman (King’s College London).